Analisis Teknik Penerjemahan pada The Chronicles Of Narnia: Sang Singa, Penyihir, dan Lemari Karya Clive Staples Lewis (Analysis of Translation Techniques in Clive Staples Lewis’ The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe)

Ikka Malia Chairun Nissa

Abstract


Penelitian ini mengenai teknik penerjemahan dalam sebuah novel The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe. Novel ini memiliki dua versi bahasa, yaitu bahasa Inggris dan bahasa Indonesia. Ada beberapa teknik penerjemahan yang digunakan agar pembaca bisa memahami secara lebih baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui teknik penerjemahan yang digunakan dalam novel The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe sebagai teks asli berbahasa Inggris dan diterjemahkan oleh Donna Widjajanto ke dalam bahasa Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan metode deskriptif dalam menyajikan data. Data diperoleh dari ucapan-ucapan langsung dari novel The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe (versi asli bahasa Inggris) dan The Chronicles of Narnia: Sang Sing, Penyihir, dan Lemari (versi terjemahan bahasa Indonesia) melalui analisis dokumen. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 14 teknik penerjemahan yang digunakan dalam 1386 ucapan-ucapan langsung. Jumlah persentase setiap teknik yaitu sebagai berikut: (1) adaptasi terjadi sebanyak 147 kali atau mewakili 10,6% data, (2) peminjaman terjadi sebanyak 38 kali atau mewakili 2,74% data, (3) kalke terjadi sebanyak 20 kali atau mewakili 1,44% data, (4) kompensasi terjadi sebanyak 4 kali atau mewakili 0,3% data, (5) kreasi diskursif terjadi sebanyak 1 kali atau mewakili 0,1% data, (6) padanan lazim terjadi sebanyak 9 kali atau mewakili 0,65% data, (7) generalisasi terjadi sebanyak 345 kali atau mewakili 24,9% data, (8) penerjemahan harfi ah terjadi sebanyak 572 kali atau mewakili 41,27% data, (9) modulasi terjadi sebanyak 4 kali atau mewakili 0,3% data, (10) partikularisasi terjadi sebanyak 7 kali atau mewakili 0,5% data, (11) reduksi terjadi sebanyak 96 kali atau mewakili 7% data, (12) transposisi terjadi sebanyak 11 kali atau mewakili 0,8% data, (13) amplifi kasi linguistik terjadi sebanyak 118 kali atau mewakili 8,5% data, dan (14) kompresi linguistik terjadi sebanyak 14 kali atau mewakili 1,01% data.

This study is about the translation techniques in a novel The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe. It has two versions of language, English and Bahasa Indonesia. There are some translation techniques used in order to get meaningful translation. A translator will choose an appropriate technique to every sentence. Hence, the readers can understand better by reading the n in translated text. This study is aimed to fi nd out the translation techniques used in The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe as the original English after being translated by Donna Widjajanto into Indonesian version of the novel. This study uses qualitative and quantitative research designs with a method of description in presenting the data. The data are collected from the direct speeches of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe (original English version) and The Chronicles of Narnia: Sang Singa, Penyihir, dan Lemari (Indonesian translation version) through document analysis. The result of this study shows that there are 14 translation techniques found in the data of 1386 direct speeches. The percentage of each technique is as the followings: (1) adaptation occurs 147 times and represents 10.6%, (2) borrowing occurs 38 times and represents 2.74%, (3) calque occurs 20 times and represents 1.44%, (4) compensation occurs 4 times and represents 0.3%, (5) discursive creation occurs once and represents 0.1%, (6) established equivalent occurs 9 times and represents 0.65%, (7) generalization occurs 345 times and represents 24.9%, (8) literal translation occurs 572 times and represents 41.27%, (9) modulation occurs 4 times and represents 0.3%, (10) particularization occurs 7 times and represents 0.5%, (11) reduction occurs 96 times and represents 7%, (12) transposition occurs 11 times and represents 0.8%, (13) linguistic amplifi cation occurs 118 times and represents 8.5%, and (14) linguistic compression occurs 14 times and represents 1.01%.


Keywords


penerjemahan; teknik; narnia (translation; techniques; narnia)

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References


Hurtado Albir, A. and Molina L. 2002. “Translation Technique Revisited: A Dynamic and Functional Approach” dalam jurnal Meta, XLVII, 4. Barcelona: Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.

Lewis, Clive Staples. 2005. The Chronicles of Narnia: Sang Singa, Penyihir, dan Lemari. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Lewis, Clive Staples. 1950. The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe. United

Kingdom: HarperCollins.

Molina, Lucia and Hurtado Albir, A. 2002. “Translation Techniques Revisited: A Dynamic and Functionalist

Approach” dalam Meta: Journal des Traducteur/Meta: Translators’ Journal. XLVII, No.4 hal. 498-512.

Newmark, P. 1988. A Textbook of Translation. United Kindom: Prentice Hall International.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36567/jalabahasa.v13i2.88

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